How-to Links for Census Research
USGenWeb Census Project
State Census for North Carolina, 1784–1787. North Carolina. State Department of Archives and History.Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1971. 2d ed. Norfolk, Va.: n.p., 1971. F258 .N92.
In 1784 the North Carolina General Assembly requested that a list of inhabitants be taken. Age and sex categories for whites and blacks are included. Compliance was slow and apparently incomplete, with some counties not responding until 1786. There is some evidence that another census was conducted in 1787; the so-called 1784–87 state census may be two censuses intermingled.
Extant portions of the 1784–87 state censuses are in Alvaretta K. Register, State Census of North Carolina, 1784–1787, 2d ed., rev. (1971; reprint, Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1978).
Additional portions of the 1784–87 censuses have been located since the Register's publication. See Helen F. M. Leary, comp., "Bertie Co., N.C., 1787 State Census," The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal 9, no. 1 (February 1983): 32–34.
Population Schedules. • Indexed—1790 (incomplete), 1800, 1810 (incomplete), 1820 (incomplete), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1890 (fragments) • Soundex—1880, 1900, 1910 (Miracode), 1920
All of the 1790 censuses have been alphabetized (and typed). This is what is available on microfilm and in books at most genealogical libraries. The original 1790 censuses are available at the National Archives.
1790 Census - Bertie Co, Edenton District. (1960) B.G. Sanderlin, pub. Almasy, Sandra L. Lists Head of families only
In 1780 , the NC General Assembly decided to divide the state up into "Fiscal Districts" that more or less corresponded to the judicial districts then in existence.
If you look in the published transcripts of the 1790, the counties aren't alphabetical independently....but they are within their districts.
EDENTON District (Bertie, Camdem, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, Perquimans and Tyrrell counties)
HALIFAX District: (Edgecombe, Franklin, Halfisac, Martin, Nash, Northampton and Warren counties)
HILLSBOROUGH District: (Caswelll, Chatham, Granville, Orange, Randolph and Wake)
MORGAN District: (Burke, Lincoln, Rutherford, Sullivan, Washington and Wilkes);
NEW BERN District: (Beaufort, Carteret, Craven, Dobbs, Hyde, johnbston, Jones, Pitt and Wayne)
SALISBURY District (Created in 1782 and then after 1782.: Anson, Guilford, Mecklenburg, Montgomery, Richmond, Rowan and Surry)
Helpful Chart handy for calculating birth dates from ages listed on Census
1800 Census Census Day was 1st Mon in Aug, 1810
Typed Copy is in the Library in Windsor.
Typed Copy is in the Library in Windsor.
1810 Census ON LINE Census Day was 1st Mon in Aug, 1810 1810 Census
The following is from NORTH CAROLINA RESEARCH-GENEALOGY AND LOCAL HISTORY by Helen F. M. Leary (well known N.C. Scholar) page 10.
"During the early nineteenth century, Native Americans were described by federal census takers as free persons of color, mulattos, or whites simply because no correct racial category was included in the government's instructions. Consequently, genealogist searching for their minority or mixed-blood ancestors and local historians interested in ethnic representation within the community often must depend on present-day descendants' oral traditions, which are not primary sources but are nevertheless essential to these kinds of investigations".
As noted earlier by "The Miller Book" this also was the case in the eighteenth century.
1984 Webster's definition Mulatto: 1: the-first generation offspring of a Negro and a White 2: a person of mixed Caucasian and Negro ancestry.Shared by Neil Baker
1820Census Day was 1st Mon in Aug, 1820
1820 1820 Federal Census of NC Potter, Dorothy Williams. (56 volumes bound in 22 books) Bk 1 contains Bertie County.
Note: Some Printed Indexes list this 1820 Bertie Census as being in Beaufort County - Bertie Township. This is incorrect. On the actual census you'll see it is in Bertie County. 1820 Partial Census
The males 16-18 were enumerated separately, but ALSO INCLUDED in the next column 16-26.
The categories allowed Congress to determine persons residing in the United States for collection of taxes and the appropriation of seats in the House of Representatives. For the first time, the numbers of inhabitants engaged in agriculture, commerce, and manufacturing were tabulated.For military purposes, males in the 16-18 year-old category in 1820, it would probably be hard to claim that they had none if they were needed for service in 1822. Perhaps the category 16-26 in the previous 1810 census included too many who were over 26 by the time of the War of 1812. The new category may have been created to make having the "numbers" of males eligible for service more exact. Breaking the numbers down into smaller categories by the 1830 census appears to have been a wise move - and a vast improvement over the categories for 1790! 1820 FEDERAL CENSUS: Column headings Name of county, parish, township, town or city, where the family resides. Names of heads of families. Free white males: Under 10 years of age Of 10 and under 16 Between 16 and 18 Of 16 and under 26, including heads of families Of 26 and under 45, including heads of families Of 45 and upwards, including heads of families Free white females: Under 10 years of age Of 10 and under 16 Of 16 and under 26, including heads of families Of 26 and under 45, including heads of families Of 45 and upwards, including heads of families Foreigners not naturalized Number of persons engaged in: Agriculture Commerce Manufacture Slaves: Males: Under 14 years Of 14 and under 26 Of 26 and under 45 Of 45 and upwards Females: Of 14 and under 26 Of 26 and under 45 Of 45 and upwards Free colored persons: Males: Under 14 years Of 14 and under 26 Of 26 and under 45 Of 45 and upwards Females: Of 14 and under 26 Of 26 and under 45 Of 45 and upwards All other persons, except Indians not taxed
1830Census Day June 1, 1830
1840Census Day June 1, 1840
1850Census Day June 1, 1850
Census by Suzan Speropolous
Almasy, Sandra L. Bertie County, NC. free population and slave population (1991)(Sandra.Almasy@njackn.com)
The 1850 federal census, Bertie County. Bradley, Stephen E. (1991) (114 6th Ave Lawrenceville, VA 23868   ( http://jenent.com/bradleyp)
1850 Census Lookup: Joella Jones email@example.com
1860Census Day June 1, 1860
1860 Census On-Line Complete by Suzan Speropolous
Almasy, Sandra L. Bertie County, NC. free population and slave population. 273 pg. (1996)published: Kensington Glen2105 Gateway St. N,Middleton,WI 53562-3405, $27(Sandra.Almasy@njackn.com)
1862 Confederate Census
1870Census Day June 1, 1870 1870 Census Work by Suzan Speropolous
Almasy, Sandra L. Bertie County, NC. free population and slave population. 353pg. $30.50 (1996)published: Kensington Glen2105 Gateway St. N,Middleton,WI 53562-3405, $27(Sandra.Almasy@njackn.com)
1880Census Day, June 1, 1880
1880 Partial Census
1880 Census by Suzan Speropolous
1880 Mitchell Township - African-American
Almasy, Sandra L. Bertie County, N.C. 440pg 2 vols. $34.25 (pub Kensington Glen, 2105 Gateway St. N,Middleton,WI 53562-3405, 1996) 2 vols.indexed. (Sandra.Almasy@njackn.com)
1890Census Day, June 1, 1890
Almost all records for this census were burned.
Union Vets 1890 Census Available on Microfilm
1900Census Day - June 1, 1900
Marianne is transcribing the 1900 census. Check back as more will be added. 1900
1910Census Day - April 15, 1910
1920Census Day - January 1, 1920
1930 Census1930 ON-LINE
1940 CensusThis 1940 census is available through several sites.
Microfilm1800 M32-30 1810 M252-39 1820 1820-82 1830 M19-118 1840 M704-354 1850 M432-621
Non-Population CensusIndustry and Agriculture Schedules.
Harry Thompson PO Box 296 Plymouth, NC 27962
Additional census provided with this year.
1880 Defective, Dependent, Delinquent SchedulesIn 1880, the census schedules included a special enumeration of people who were residents of various asylums, such as prisons or poorhouses, or who had various afflictions that made them dependent on others for support, such as deaf-mutes, homeless children, the indegent, the insane, or the blind.
The purpose of this special schedule was to identify people in these categories and to learn more specifically about their situation.
Samples of what you might find. In Whiteville, Hardeman County, Tennessee, the names of Rufus Green and Clavin Hall were recorded on the schedule of "insane" persons. Before the schedules were sent off, Dr. A.P. Waddell M.D., scratched off the names and wrote, "I have known Rufus Green and Cal HAll for many years- they are both colored and are both of sound mind."
In the same county, Ben Oppenheimer of Bolivar had been deaf since the age of three, due to scarlet fever. He had lived for three years at the Kentucky State Mute Asylum, from which he was discharged in 1855.
About William Burnette, listed as insane, the enumerator J.R. Jones of Hardeman County wrote, " I cannot learn anything in reference to the above named person only that he was of sound mind up to the Shiloh Battle in April 1862 but soon after said battle he became insane and been so ever since. He is in good health and lives with his brother Geroge L. Burnette. He is a married man but his wife left him after he became insane. No physician has ever examined him; it is believed that he was so frightened that he became insane"
These DDD schedules were made in most states. Even in the states where they were not made or no longer exist, some of the information is available in the regular population schedules, from which the DDD schedules were taken. Microfilm copies are available from many of the same places as the mortality and supplemental schedules.
Soundex Rule you may need: "that if two or more equivalent key letters appear separated by an h or w, the two or more letters are encoded as one letter, i.e., by a single number."
Example: Ashcroft correctly encoded is A261, NOT A226 produced "by Soundex rules which omit the unknown rule."
Another example given was for the surname SCHKLAR...Correct Soundex code is S460, not S246....last example: ACHZEHNER is A256 not A225.
According to the article, even the NARA Soundex machine does not use this rule.
- Release of the 1930 U.S. Census The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration will release the 1930 Federal population census for the first time on April 1, 2002. At that time, the microfilmed copies will be available for research at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, at 13 of the National Archives regional facilities across the nation, and through the National Archives rental program. The 1930 census is the 15th Federal census mandated by the U.S. Constitution, which states, "The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct...". The 1930 census consists of 2,667 rolls of population schedules and 1,587 rolls of Soundex indexes for 12 southern states, totaling 4,254 rolls. Even though the statistical summaries collected by enumerators are made public shortly after the census is taken, information on individuals and families is restricted by law for privacy reasons for 72 years. [92 Stat. 915; Public Law 95-416; October 5, 1978]. For a complete listing of National Archives locations and opening times, check the web site at http://www.nara.gov/genealogy/genindex.html#regional/ COPYRIGHTS: The contents of this newsletter are copyright by Richard W. Eastman. Also, please include the following statement with any articles you re-distribute: The following article is from Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter and is copyright 2001 by Richard W. Eastman. It is re-published here with the permission of the author. Thank you for your cooperation.
"Although original schedules were ultimately intended for federal authorities, enuerators in some census years prepared duplicate copies for state and county use. Especially for the four censuses of 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880, the researcher may find federal, state and county copies of the schedules, each of the three copies being official and in some sense an original. Further, these copies frequently differ from each other in small particulars."
---SOURCE: -From: NC Genealogical Research, ed. by Helen F.M. Leary and Maurice R. Stirewalt, 1980, NC Genealogical Society
Clues you might miss!